Account

Company

  Menu
Large Image

Skeletons: The Frame of Life

by , (OUP Oxford)

(2 reviews)

£11.40 £12.63 Save 10%

Share This

Description

Over half a billion years ago life on earth took an incredible step in evolution, when animals learned to build skeletons. Using many different materials, from calcium carbonate and phosphate, and even silica, to make shell and bone, they started creating the support structures that are now critical to most living forms, providing rigidity and strength. Manifesting in a vast variety of forms, they provided the framework for sophisticated networks of life that
fashioned the evolution of Earth's oceans, land and atmosphere. Within a few tens of millions of years, all of the major types of skeleton had appeared.

Skeletons enabled an unprecedented array of bodies to evolve, from the tiniest seed shrimp to the gigantic dinosaurs and blue whales. The earliest bacterial colonies constructed large rigid structures - stromatolites - built up by trapping layers of sediment, while the mega-skeleton that is the Great Barrier Reef is big enough to be visible from space. The skeletons of millions of coccolithophores that lived in the shallow seas of the Mesozoic built the white cliffs of Dover. These, and
insects, put their scaffolding on the outside, as an exoskeleton, while vertebrates have endoskeletons. Skeletons may be hydrostatic, or, as is common, made of calcium phosphate, or from carbonate, or silica - the latter used to create delicate and elegant designs by diatoms and radiolarians. They need to
be light and strong for flight. Plants use tubes of dead tissue for rigidity and transport of liquids - which in the case of tall trees need to be strong enough to extend 100 m or more from the ground. Others simply stitch together a coating from mineral grains on the seabed.

In Skeletons, Jan Zalasiewicz and Mark Williams explore the incredible variety of the skeleton innovations that have enabled life to expand into a wide range of niches and lifestyles on the planet. Discussing the impact of climate change, which puts the formation of some kinds of skeleton at risk, they also consider future skeletons, including the possibility that we might increasingly incorporate metal and plastic elements into our own, as well as the possible materials for skeleton
building on other planets.

Tag This Book

This Book Has Been Tagged
It hasn't. Be the first to tag this book!

Our Recommendation

Track It. This book has been £8.52 within the past year.

Notify Me When The Price...

  • £
  • If I'm already tracking this book...

to track this book on eReaderIQ.

Track These Authors

to track Jan Zalasiewicz on eReaderIQ.

  • to be notified each time the price drops on any book by Jan Zalasiewicz.
  • to stop tracking Jan Zalasiewicz.

to track Mark Williams on eReaderIQ.

  • to be notified each time the price drops on any book by Mark Williams.
  • to stop tracking Mark Williams.

Price Summary

  • We started tracking this book on December 10, 2017.
  • This book was £19.20 when we started tracking it.
  • The price of this book has changed 152 times in the past 1,756 days.
  • The current price of this book is £11.40 last checked 8 hours ago.
  • This lowest price this book has been offered at in the past year is £8.52.
  • The lowest price to date was £8.52 last reached on August 2, 2022.
  • This book has been £8.52 one time since we started tracking it.
  • The highest price to date was £19.20 last reached on December 10, 2017.
  • This book has been £19.20 one time since we started tracking it.

Genres

Additional Info

  • Text-to-Speech: Enabled
  • Lending: Disabled
  • Print Length: 310 Pages
  • File Size: 6,716 KB

We last verified the price of this book about 8 hours ago. At that time, the price was £11.40. This price is subject to change. The price displayed on the Amazon.co.uk website at the time of purchase is the price you will pay for this book. Please confirm the price before making any purchases.